CHOGHADHIYOO is best described as a periodic table providing calculations of timings for a given day in a week. These timings can be good or bad. Follow the table through and an understanding will become apparent.
Good = Amrut < Laabh < Shoobh < Chal > Oodweg > Rog > Kaal = Bad
Whilst Amrut (Nectar), Laabh (Profitable) and Shoobh (Good Fortune) are considered to be auspicious times, Chal (Keep Moving) and Oodweg (Agitation, Confusion) are thought to be mediocre. Oodweg (Delay) is off-putting, as work undertaken during this period is thought to take longer – or possibly be, incomplete – than Chal, which is okay and is close to being able to be included with auspicious times. Rog (Illness) and Kaal (Destructive, Fatal) can bring calamity in one’s life.
Whilst no equivalent English word or phrase exists for this table, I will attempt to explain the full meaning and reasoning of this table to the best of my ability. Anyone who feels that they have a better explanation is most welcome to communicate with me on this subject; as with any other subject within this website. Traditionally this table was only and solely used for the benefit of travellers in order to ascertain the best time to begin their journey and the times to avoid.
However, over the years, people began to take this a little too personally and applied these timings to each and every occasion they felt was important to warrant an application.
Personally however, I believe (based on my research) that this – the inclusion of other events – was skilful calculation, a cunning devise invented by the Brahmins (pundits) of the day.
The rich and the well to do people used to employ the under privileged during various family functions. This was not an issue. It is called supporting the community. The problem, however, was that these employers expected the employed to work all hours simply because they were being paid for their service. Well, the powers to be – the Brahmins – thought hard on this matter and then made an inclusion as mentioned above. This created some inauspicious timings or, to put it another way, a time for the under privileged to rest or to do what they wanted, including catching up with their families.
The word Choghadhiyoo is made up of two parts:
Char: ‘Four’ and
Ghadi: ‘A period of approximately 24 minutes’.
4 Ghadis’ therefore equates to 1 hour and 36 minutes, or, one of eight separate periods in a given 12 hour duration and totalling sixteen segments per 24 hour period; one full day.
However, over time, in some quarters, for their own benefit, this – Choghadhiyoo – was interpreted as being made up of 4 parts of the day:
Dawn to Afternoon, Afternoon to Evening, Evening to Night and Night to Dawn.
Dawn to Evening was between Sunrise and Sunset and
Evening to Dawn was between Sunset and Sunrise.
Please also note that unlike in the Gregorian calendar, in the Hindu calendar the day is counted from Sunrise to Sunrise. Thus no two successive days are identical insofar as hours in the day are concerned. In order to avoid this long term confusion, an average time was set at 06:00 hours (Based on Indian Standard Time) as a changeover from one day to the next. Where necessary, like preparing one’s horoscopes, local time is calculated and adjusted, along with the times of sunrise and/or sunset as required. Not too dissimilar to calculation of a mean time whereupon the time set in London is therefore the same as in Swindon and Bristol. Else, as when time was first set, even these three places had different timings.
For centuries, the timing of Sunrise and Sunset has been calculated accurately by the astrologers. Not only that but the day of predicted Full Moon ALWAYS falls on the actual Full Moon day and still continues to be so, as accurate as ever; to the minute. This period between Sunrise and Sunset was then split in two; Morning to Noon and Noon to Evening. Now divide each resultant period by 4 to give an approximate time for each section of the ‘Choghadhiyoo’. I say “approximate” for a reason that will become apparent further down this page.
Depending on the timing of Sunrise and Sunset – as previously calculated – each of the Choghadhiyoo therefore would be around one whole hour plus one half of an hour; give or take a few minutes. However, like here in UK or anywhere within the non-tropical countries, this timing would vary considerably. Especially when we take into account the winter months during which period the sun is hardly likely to show its face. Even if the Sun’s graceful shine were to be experienced for a period, an eighth of that day would be very short. As a matter of fact, extremely short! The night’s proportion though, would be well in excess of an acceptable numbers of hours. The situation during summer on the other hand, would cause huge problems with very long days and short nights.
For convenience therefore, the learned of yesteryears agreed to allocate one full plus one half of an hour span per section; a bit more convenient and just as easy to calculate. After all, India was predominantly made up of a farming population and was hardly expected to sit with pen and paper to note down the timings of the sun and engage in hours of calculation thereof.
The table above was thus prepared.
Obviously, there is a lot more that I can write on the subject such as how the allocation of good or bad time was predicted. Or what happens when a given occasion is split in more than one event in its own right. What are people supposed to do with this table? How is it to be applied in modern society? and much more. I will discuss this and much more at a later date. Else the task or rather the dream of completing and populating the rest of this website will remain just that, a dream!
As always, if you are able to add to any of my articles, I’d be grateful for your input. Meanwhile, please rate this article to give me an indication of your opinion.
Whatever, Whenever & Wherever You Do
Let Time Not Slip From Under Your Feet
God Bless & I Look Forward To Hearing From You
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